April Fool's DayApril Fool's Day sometimes called All Fools' Day, is one of the most light-hearted days of the year. Its origins are uncertain. Some see it as a celebration related to the turn of the seasons while others believe it stems from the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar which replaced the Julian Calendar.
National Peanut Butter and Jelly DayNational Peanut Butter and Jelly Day is celebrated annually on April 2nd. This food holiday is a classic favorite of many. The average American will have eaten over 2000 peanut butter and jelly sandwiches by the time they graduate from high school. It is thought to be that the first reference of peanut butter paired with jelly on bread, was published in the United States in 1901. Peanut butter was considered a delicacy in the early 1900's, and was only served in New York City’s finest tea rooms. In the late 1920's, the price of peanut butter declined, and the sandwich became very popular with children. During World War II, both peanut butter and jelly were part of the US soldiers military ration list. Today, it is a popular staple in most households--loved by most everyone.
Today in HistoryThe Pony Express service officially opened on April 3, 1860, when riders left simultaneously from St. Joseph, Missouri, and Sacramento, California. Young, often teenage, lightweight riders were hired for the job. Due to the dangers of the job, orphans were preferred. One of the most famous Pony Express riders was Buffalo Bill Cody. Although the express route was extremely hazardous, only one mail delivery was ever lost. The Pony Express lasted only nineteen months, from April 3, 1860 to October 24, 1861. The completion of the Pacific Telegraph line ended the need for its existence. The first westbound trip was made in 9 days and 23 hours and the eastbound journey in 11 days and 12 hours. Today, an email can make the same the same trip in a matter of seconds.
Earth DayIn September 1970, at a conference in Seattle, Washington, U.S. Senator Gaylord Nelson of Wisconsin announced that in the spring of 1970 there would be a nationwide grassroots demonstration on the environment. Senator Nelson first proposed the nationwide environmental protest to thrust the environment onto the national agenda. "It was a gamble," he recalls, "but it worked." Each year, the April 22 Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970. Earth Day is the only event celebrated simultaneously around the globe by people of all backgrounds, faiths, and nationalities. More than a half billion people participate in Earth Day Network campaigns every year. These campaigns promote healthy, sustainable environments, using clean energy, and encouraging recycling efforts.
Full MoonA full moon is a lunar phase that occurs when the geocentric apparent longitudes of the Sun and Moon differ by 180 degrees; the Moon is then in opposition with the Sun. At this time, as seen by viewers on Earth, the hemisphere of the Moon that is facing the earth (the near side) is fully illuminated by the Sun and appears round. Only during a full moon is the opposite hemisphere of the Moon, which is not visible from Earth (the far side), completely unilluminated. As a lunar month is about 29.531, the period between full moons can be either 29 or 30 days.